Sociology Paper-II

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SOCIOLOGY PAPER - II : INDIAN SOCIETY - STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
Sociology Civil services mains question paper pattern trend and analysis

Introducing Indian Society

(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society

(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :

Social Structure

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

(ii) Caste System

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

(iv) Social Classes in India:

  • Agrarian class structure
  • Industrial class structure
  • Middle classes in India

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

  • Lineage and descent in India.
  • Types of kinship systems.
  • Family and marriage in India.
  • Household dimensions of the family.
  • Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.

(vi) Religion and Society:

  • Religious communities in India.
  • Problems of religious minorities

Social Changes in India

(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

  • Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
  • Constitution, law and social change.
  • Education and social change.

(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

  • Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, Cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
  • Green revolution and social change
  • Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
  • Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

(iv)Slums and deprivation in urban areas Politics and Society:

  • Nation, democracy and citizenship.
  • Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
  • Regionalism and decentralization of power
  • Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

  • Peasants and farmers movements.
  • Women’s movement
  • Backward classes & Dalit movement.
  • Environmental movements
  • Ethnicity and Identity movements

(vi) Population Dynamics:

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

  • Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
  • Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
  • Violence against women
  • Caste conflicts.
  • Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
  • Illiteracy and disparities in education.