SOCIOLOGY PAPER - II : INDIAN SOCIETY - STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
Sociology Civil services mains question paper pattern trend and analysis
Introducing Indian Society
(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society
- Indology (GS. Ghurye)
- Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas)
- Marxist sociology (A R Desai)
(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
- Social background of Indian nationalism.
- Modernization of Indian tradition
- Protests and movements during the colonial period.
- Social reforms.
(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
- The idea of Indian village and village studies.
- Agrarian social structure - evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
(ii) Caste System
- Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
- Features of caste system.
- Untouchability - forms and perspectives.
(iii) Tribal communities in India:
- Definitional problems
- Geographical spread
- Colonial policies and tribes.
- Issues of integration and autonomy
(iv) Social Classes in India:
- Agrarian class structure
- Industrial class structure
- Middle classes in India
(v) Systems of Kinship in India:
- Lineage and descent in India.
- Types of kinship systems.
- Family and marriage in India.
- Household dimensions of the family.
- Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
(vi) Religion and Society:
- Religious communities in India.
- Problems of religious minorities
Social Changes in India
(i) Visions of Social Change in India:
- Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
- Constitution, law and social change.
- Education and social change.
(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:
- Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, Cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
- Green revolution and social change
- Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
- Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
- Evolution of modern industry in India.
- Growth of urban settlements in India
- Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
- Informal sector, child labour.
(iv)Slums and deprivation in urban areas Politics and Society:
- Nation, democracy and citizenship.
- Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
- Regionalism and decentralization of power
(v) Social Movements in Modern India:
- Peasants and farmers movements.
- Women’s movement
- Backward classes & Dalit movement.
- Environmental movements
- Ethnicity and Identity movements
(vi) Population Dynamics:
- Population size, growth, composition and distribution
- Components of population growth: birth, death, migration
- Population policy and family planning
- Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health
(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:
- Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
- Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
- Violence against women
- Caste conflicts.
- Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
- Illiteracy and disparities in education.