Sociology Paper-II

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Sociology Civil services mains question paper pattern trend and analysis

Introducing Indian Society

(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society

(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :

Social Structure

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

(ii) Caste System

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

(iv) Social Classes in India:

  • Agrarian class structure
  • Industrial class structure
  • Middle classes in India

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

  • Lineage and descent in India.
  • Types of kinship systems.
  • Family and marriage in India.
  • Household dimensions of the family.
  • Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.

(vi) Religion and Society:

  • Religious communities in India.
  • Problems of religious minorities

Social Changes in India

(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

  • Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
  • Constitution, law and social change.
  • Education and social change.

(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

  • Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, Cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
  • Green revolution and social change
  • Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
  • Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

(iv)Slums and deprivation in urban areas Politics and Society:

  • Nation, democracy and citizenship.
  • Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
  • Regionalism and decentralization of power
  • Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

  • Peasants and farmers movements.
  • Women’s movement
  • Backward classes & Dalit movement.
  • Environmental movements
  • Ethnicity and Identity movements

(vi) Population Dynamics:

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

  • Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
  • Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
  • Violence against women
  • Caste conflicts.
  • Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
  • Illiteracy and disparities in education.