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FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY
Sociology - The Discipline
- Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology
- Scope of sociology and comparison with other social sciences
- Sociology and common sense
Sociology as Science
- Science, scientific method and critique
- Major theoretical strands of research methodology
- Positivism and its critique
- Fact value and objectivity
- Non- positivist methodologies.
Research Methods and Analysis
- Qualitative and quantitative methods
- Techniques of data collection
- Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity
- Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle
- Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society
- Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism
- Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables
- Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups
- Mead - Self and identity
Stratification and Mobility
- Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
- Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory
- Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
- Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
Works and Economic Life
- Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society
- Formal and informal organization of work.
- Labour and society.
Politics and Society
- Sociological theories of power
- Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups and political parties
- Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
- Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
Religion and Society
- Sociological theories of religion
- Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects & cults
- Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism
Systems of Kinship
- Family, household, marriage.
- Types and forms of family.
- Lineage and descent.
- Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
- Contemporary trends.