Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS) or Bonn Convention
The Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS) or Bonn Convention aims to conserve migratory species throughout their range. The Convention came into force in 1979. India is a signatory to the convention since 1983.
During COP 10, India has also been nominated as a member of the Standing Committee of the Convention with the support from various countries in the Asia. During the COP, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, WWF-India, Wetlands International and BNHS (Bombay Natural History Society) jointly organized a side event on Black-necked Crane urging the range States for regional cooperation for conservation of this unique species found in the Himalayan high altitude wetlands. Conference of Parties is held generally once in three years.
The COP 11 was held in Equador in November 2014. Delegates to the COP took important decisions, including among others on the following issues:
- Proposed listings on the CMS Appendices of 32 migratory species under threat, including the Polar Bear, the African Lion and more than 20 shark species;
- Species Action Plans for the conservation of Argali Sheep, Pacific Loggerhead Turtles and the Saker Falcon;
- Strategic Plan for Migratory Species 2015-2023 to provide vision, leadership and a driving force toward the full and effective implementation of commitments related to migratory species;
- Programme of work on climate change and migratory species;
- Guidelines to prevent the risk of poisoning of migratory birds;
- The prevention of illegal killing, taking and trade of migratory birds;
- Management of marine debris;
- Advancing ecological networks to address the needs of migratory species;
- Review of the deployment of renewable energy technology and its impacts on migratory species and guidelines on how to avoid or mitigate those impacts;
- A new initiative on Central Asia including a programme of work for the conservation of large mammal migrations in this region;
- A series of important institutional issues including on concerted and cooperative action, an implementation/review mechanism for the Convention, and options for a new structure and modus operandi of the Scientific Council.